According to "Arban Buyantu Nom-un Chagan Teuke”, the Mongolian religio-political treatise of the XIII century, Genghis khan was born on the first day of the first month of winter by lunar calendar.This year that date falls on Thursday, 8 November.
On the auspicious day of November 8, the National Library of Mongolia celebrated the 856th anniversary of Genghis khan’s birth with a day-long series of events at the Library including a special exhibition of Buddhist icons of Genghis khan and thematic book sales. The library also hosted an academic conference - "Cult of Genghis Khan” in which 6 scholars delivered papers on this subject.
In Tantric Buddhist iconography Genghis khan is regarded as the reincarnation of the wrathful deity Vajrapani, which was honored during an opening ceremony greatly inspired by this religious heritage. Abbot Choijamts and several monks from Gandan monastery were in attendance and offered prayers for Genghis khan. In addition, a honorary guest from Inner Mongolia, poet Setsen Chohtu, read his poem "Saddle of Genghis khan”, which was another highlight of the day.
The Mongols revere Genghis khan as the founder of the Mongolian nation and statehood. He appears on Mongolian banknotes and is honored with streets in his name, and statues in the capital city of Ulan Bator, as well as in Gurban-Naur, the place where he was born and raised. His biography is quite remarkable. The boy named Temujin, an orphaned slave, escaped from his captors and through great diplomacy and a series of successful military campaigns he thus became Genghis khan, one of the greatest conquerors the world has ever known. He died in the summer of 1227, at the age of 65, during the siege of Irgai, the Tangut kingdom's capital.
Celebration of Genghis khan`s birthday has been observed annually as "Mongolian Pride Day” throughout the country since 2012.