Restoration of the National
National Library of Mongolia owns more than 3 million books and publications.
Within its collections it contains over 1 million ancient sutras and
manuscripts in Mongolian, Tibetan and Manchu scripts. Recent inventory shows
that these unique texts are suffering from critical damage due to mainly
continual usage by customers, scholars such as being torn, having watermark,
drying, falling into parts etc.According to information, memorial paper as a form of heritage and cultural
literacy inheritance is easily broken. Therefore, the
program to preserve these important works has far reaching value to both
Mongolian and world heritage; a large piece of the history of the world is held
within these timeworn collections, that which can be found nowhere else on
earth, and to ensure their longevity In order to achieve this goal, restoration
is required. On this basis, we
performed the following tasks:
1.We have laid the foundation for the restoration
majority of the world’s National Libraries contain their own in-house restoration laboratories to preserve and
restore their ancient and modern collections. To be effective, these
laboratories are supplied with state of the art instruments and equipment, and
staffed with experts who have received the training necessary to specialize in
library conservation. In
accordance with standard there was a need to establish a modern laboratory with up to date facilities
and equipment in order to that our library conducted to activity at national level.
In this regard, we could establish a laboratory of restoration with instruments and equipment with the support of
the Office of the President, Ministry
of Education,Culture and Scienceand Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
2.Suitably improved conservation and preservation of a book.
Preserve collections in accordance with the
relevant standards, to preserve and protect the damaged documents without
losing their value. Improving preservation and conservation of rare and
valuable will ensure their longevity, to bring them into research circulation
and it provides opportunities to disseminate to the public. Hereby, with special attention on conservation
issues we performed followings:
- Vacuuming books: It will prevent from possible further damages such
as being buried in the dust, being damaged by insects and flooding, and it will
be possible to storage for the long-term.
- Inserting thin paper
between the pages of Ganjuur scripture which was written on black paper with
golden, silver and other nine kinds of gem. Thus, we improved its long-term
storage and saved it from damage.
- Use of cards (technological
improvement) and appropriate boxes and envelopes for every restored books.
3.Starting again restoration work on ancient manuscripts and wooden print blocks.
The purpose of restoration of old books is ensuring their long-term storage, preventing
from possible further damages, bringing them into research and passing them to
the next generations. We are starting our
restoration of old books by listing and by identifying the damages of 67
books that are urgently needed restoration work from
the Fond of Mongolian Studies and Manuscripts, the Museum of Precious Rare
Books and the Fond of Tibetan Books.
This picture shows an exemplary book before and
4.Rehabilitation of restorers to stage by stage
There are the principles that restorers should
follow when they are restoring books, such as saving the importance of the
heritage, keeping its previous color, shape, appearance and providing the
conditions of long-term storage. Thus, our restorers need to have
professionally high skills. Even if our country is not capable of providing
professional education for restorers, we are training our workers in foreign
country’s restoration laboratories stage by stage within our project. In
addition, we are inviting foreign professionals to give education for our
restorers so that they can practice and share their experiences.